But he placed it before the Congress as a political weapon to be employed for solving political problems M K Gandhi Vol pp Later, in response to a question, he confessed that he remained convinced that he did well to present non-violence to the Congress as an expedient. Gandhi wrote:. This arrangement allowed Gandhi to have a moral practice which has an epistemic foundation that was both certain and flexible, determinate and yet adaptable, categorical as well as experiential.
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And such an epistemic foundation, which is both certain and flexible makes possible the coexistence of two contradictory aspects, i. In the absence of such an understanding, it would appear that his life, writings and actions were just a conglomeration of inconsistencies. On the other hand, those scholars who believe that Gandhi was a Mahatma, a moral genius, hold that he was trying to achieve self-realisation, i. I live and move and have my being in pursuit of this goal. Therefore, the majority of scholarly works on Gandhi have also been written primarily to explain what shape and character he gave to the national movement.
It can be attributed to the hegemony of the nationalist movement in the imagination of Indians. The nationalist movement proved to be a pivotal factor in catching the imagination of the scholarship of modern India for a long time. Many scholarly works on Gandhi have also been written to highlight the role played by Gandhi in guiding the national political movement.
We need some more evidence to substantiate the argument. It is very well known that Gandhi vigorously rejected the idea which equated Swaraj for the nation with merely the overthrowing of the British. He conveyed this on many occasions and in many ways. He wrote that his patriotism did not teach him to allow people to be crushed under the heel of Indian princes M K Gandhi 76— Gandhi defined his idea of Swaraj or independence for the nation as a collective capacity of individuals to live together in peace and harmony.
He wrote in Hind Swaraj that it is Swaraj when we learn to rule ourselves and it is, therefore, in the palm of our hands. For instance, on one occasion, he affirmed that we cannot have Swaraj until we have made ourselves fit for it, and, on another, he observed that the key to Swaraj lay in self-help.
Gandhi believed that independence or Swaraj must begin at the bottom. Fred Dallmayr argues that for Gandhi, Swaraj must first be nurtured through education at the local or village level, and then spread to larger communities and to the world through a series of oceanic circles Dallmayr The attainment of independence for the nation also meant the nurturing and strengthening of this capacity in the individual to live with others in peace and harmony.
And it was his constructive programme which was designed to achieve such Swaraj. Even for Gandhi, spiritual freedom of the individual or moksha was not something different. As a karmayogi , Gandhi believed that moksha or self-rule did not lie in an other-worldly metaphysical realm, but rather in the nurturing capacity of the individual and the nation praja to organize their own lives. Therefore, reading Gandhi calls for much speculation and much ingenious interpretation.
In the first, Gandhi says:. It is a fact that on more than one occasion, Gandhi said that he was not at all concerned with appearing to be consistent and suggested that his last opinion should be taken as the final one. But, surprisingly enough, Gandhi never accepted that there were inconsistencies or changes in his opinions, not to speak of changes in more radical directions. Indeed, whenever Gandhi spoke about what others said were inconsistencies in his writings he made it very clear that he personally did not find any inconsistency.
He also suggested that before making their choice, these friends who referred to the inconsistencies should also try to perceive an underlying and abiding consistency between his two seemingly inconsistent statements of different times. He wrote at one point:. In this context, Raghavan N Iyer's suggestion becomes vital for resolving the issue.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Contributions and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi
Iyer suggests that political thinkers are properly studied without reference to their personalities and practice, but when we turn to Gandhi we find it peculiarly difficult to ignore his personality and his activities Iyer 4. Rather it means that Gandhi expected to be judged and understood by his conduct and not by his writings alone. It also implies that should some contradictions and inconsistencies appear in his writings, they are to be resolved in the light of his practices. On the other hand, there are also a good number of scholars who strongly hold that Gandhi was non-Western or Eastern; spiritually grounded and a uniquely Indian political thinker.
Even as a Hindu, Gandhi has been described as a Vedantian who believed in transcendental monism as well as a Vaishnava who had faith in the grace of God as a person. Similarly, all sorts of political labels have been applied to him: individualist, anarchist, socialist, communist, liberal, reactionary, revolutionary, nationalist, cosmopolitan, and so on. I question whether any system or religion can hold Gandhi completely. For example, his views are too closely allied to Christianity to be entirely Hindu, and too deeply saturated with Hinduism to be called Christian.
My last suggestion is that Gandhi must be understood on his own terms. However, he could integrate them fully because he had a perspective of his own. He had his own perspective with which he operated and had his own analytical categories which he manoeuvred to weave them into a rational, organically linked structure of thought. Indeed this original perspective enabled him to select ideas to articulate or support his own central thesis.
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Indeed, he has reached a position where such comparisons become meaningless. Write to editor theindiaforum. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.
Designed and Developed by Yodasoft. He was a man of an unbelievably great personality. He certainly does not need anyone like me praising him.
Essay mahatma gandhi english
Furthermore, his efforts for Indian independence are unparalleled. Most noteworthy, there would have been a significant delay in independence without him.
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Consequently, the British because of his pressure left India in In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, we will see his contribution and legacy. First of all, Mahatma Gandhi was a notable public figure. His role in social and political reform was instrumental. Above all, he rid the society of these social evils. Hence, many oppressed people felt great relief because of his efforts.
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Gandhi became a famous international figure because of these efforts. Furthermore, he became the topic of discussion in many international media outlets. Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to environmental sustainability.
Most noteworthy, he said that each person should consume according to his needs. Gandhi certainly put forward this question. Furthermore, this model of sustainability by Gandhi holds huge relevance in current India. This is because currently, India has a very high population. There has been the promotion of renewable energy and small-scale irrigation systems.
This philosophy of non-violence is known as Ahimsa. He decided to quit the Non-cooperation movement after the Chauri-Chaura incident. This was due to the violence at the Chauri Chaura incident. Consequently, many became upset at this decision. However, Gandhi was relentless in his philosophy of Ahimsa.
Secularism is yet another contribution of Gandhi. His belief was that no religion should have a monopoly on the truth. Mahatma Gandhi certainly encouraged friendship between different religions.
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