India as a country, has been divided on the basis of caste, creed and religion since times immemorial. One of the implications of the caste system prevalent in the country is the reservation system, which involves reserving a certain percentage of seats for education or jobs in government institutions, for people belonging to backward communities or the minorities.
These include quotas set aside for scheduled castes SC , scheduled tribes ST and other backward classes OBC and these are governed by the Constitution as well as the local rules and regulations. This reservation was said to last for 5 years in public sector and government jobs, and in government educational institutions.
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Since then the Parliament has continued to extend reservations, and now reservation is more tied to vote bank politics. Reservations is now extend to all other backward classes as well. Reservation is not based on merit. This implies that these economically and socially weaker sectors of the society get better opportunities to uplift their economic as well as social status, making it the biggest benefit of this system for the underprivileged.
These reservations not only apply to job opportunities but also admissions in colleges, universities and government run educational institutions, which means that students belong to the backward classes have been given an extra advantage to come up with higher education.
Reservation System in India: Concept, Arguments and Conclusions
The Bill will also have to be ratified by at least half the State Assemblies. Upper castes may react positively to the move, but they are believed to be largely with the BJP anyway.
The move may have some appeal to upper castes in States where the BJP is weak, but one does not know the extent of the political benefit. Already have an account?
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The purpose of reservation in India
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Facts you need to know before you plunge into the reservation debate
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