Most dissertations will probably collect far more results than are possible to or even relevant to show. Hence you need to work out what the key results are.
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So, seeing as the actual analysis of data takes place prior to the written thesis, you need to tell the reader what you have done by reporting on the analysis process. One, very common way to do this would be to go back and work out your results according to the research questions. There are other ways of organising the data depending on the kind of research paradigm at play. If for example you conducted a survey you would present the data according to the questions that you asked.
Essentially, you need to think about how to organise the data so that your reader can process them in clear and digestible chunks. Perhaps you might arrange the data chronologically, in the order that the results emerged.
If you are looking at your results thematically, however, you may decide to present the source data by theme. In the results section of a dissertation we want to convey our data in the most accessible form, making them easier for the reader to understand. This means that the results can potentially be a highly visual chapter of your work. This is an important concern. You need to think about interesting ways of presenting this data so that your reader can process it visually as well as through the mediation you give in the text.
So, you might want to present data in boxes with narrative profiles of your participants, tables with themes, descriptions, diagrams, graphs, images, or whatever else might service your objectives. You want to think creatively about how best to present the data so it is clear, comprehensible and engaging. There are many different ways to present data in interesting and creative ways. Search and read through other dissertations and published papers to find good examples. Remember, your tables and figures should be understandable without reading the rest of the thesis.
If you were to present the table or the graph in isolation, the reader should be able to understand what the question was and what the result is. The results need to be written in a particular way.
What are Other Dissertation Chapters?
At this stage your focus should be descriptive, on describing your main findings. Your objective is to show the results of your analysis. Here you absolutely must employ precise language. How much attention you pay to precision and accuracy is what will give your reader confidence in your results.
In terms of structure for this chapter, start with a paragraph and not with a visual representation of the data. Make sure you show relevant tables and figures after they are mentioned in the text. At the beginning of the results section, explain any missing data or problems with collecting the data, then explain the main result and address your hypothesis. After that, explain all other trends in the data which might be interesting to the reader. As you write your discussion section, look back on your results section to ensure that all the data you need is there to fully support the conclusions you reach.
How to Write Dissertation Chapters: Your Ultimate Guide
Just as your results sections should sufficiently justify your claims, it should also provide an accurate look at what you found in your study. Be sure to mention all relevant information. If your hypothesis expected more statistically significant results, don't omit the findings if they failed to support your predictions. Don't ignore negative results. Just because a result failed to support your hypothesis, it does not mean it is not important.
Results that do not support your original hypothesis can be just as informative as results that do. Even if your study did not support your hypothesis, it does not mean that the conclusions you reach are not useful. While your study might not have supported your original predictions, your finding can provide important inspiration for future explorations into a topic.
You might not have supported your hypothesis, but your findings may help you develop another hypothesis to explore in future studies. Do not include the raw data in the results section. Remember, you are summarizing the results, not reporting them in full detail. The results section should be a relatively brief overview of your findings, not a complete presentation of every single number and calculation.
If you choose, you can create a supplemental online archive where other researchers can access the raw data if they choose to do so. Your results section should include both text and illustrations. Presenting data in this way makes it easier for readers to quickly look at your results. Structure your results section around tables or figures that summarize the results of your statistical analysis.
In many cases, the easiest way to accomplish this is to first create your tables and figures and then organize them in a logical way.
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Next, write the summary text to support your illustrative materials. Do not include tables and figures if you are not going to talk about them in the body text of your results section. Do not present the same data twice in your illustrative materials. If you have already presented some data in a table, do not present it again in a figure. If you have presented data in a figure, do not present it again in a table.
Writing Your Dissertation Results Section (with Examples) | EliteEssayWriters
Always assume that your readers have a solid understanding of statistical concepts. Your responsibility is to report the results of your study, not to teach your readers how to analyze or interpret statistics. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association recommends including effect sizes in your results section so that readers can appreciate the importance of your study's findings.
Remember, the results section of your paper is all about simply providing the data from your study.
This section is often the shortest part of your paper, and in most cases, the most clinical. Be sure not to include any subjective interpretation of the results. Simply relay the data in the most objective and straightforward way possible. You can then provide your own analysis of what these results mean in the discussion section of your paper. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter.
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